Pest Issues

What Birds Can Nest in Your Roof in Australia?

Tony Skerl /

In Australia, you often hear birds nesting in roofs. This is common. Their sounds can range from soft steps to loud squawks. These nests are fascinating for wildlife enthusiasts, however, they can also trouble homeowners.

Knowing which birds might nest in your roof is important. Once you know the birds, you can take the right steps to kindly and legally get rid of them.

Common bird species that nest in roofs in Australia

Some of these feathered friends are from around here, while others originate from another country. 

Indian mynas (Common myna)

SJ Allen /

Indian Mynas, also known as Common Mynas, originally from South Asia are an invasive species in Australia, and they nest in roofs, tree hollows, or other sheltered spots, using twigs and feathers for their nests. These birds are known for their aggressive behaviour and adaptability. They are noisy with a loud call as well.

Common starling

kawkin /

Common Starlings assert their dominance as another invasive species in Australia, renowned for their striking iridescent feathers and impressive mimicry skills. They frequently choose to create their nests in roof cavities, gutters, and other concealed spaces. Starlings gather in big groups and build nests from twigs and plants.

Welcome swallows

Wright Out There /

Welcome Swallows confidently display their graceful flight and distinctive blue-black plumage. They meticulously construct their nests using mud, grass, and feathers, often affixing them to walls or under eaves. Typically nesting in spring and summer, welcome Swallows are generally more peaceful compared to some invasive species.

House sparrows

LFRabanedo /

House Sparrows are a familiar sight in Australia, despite their non-native status—originally introduced from Europe. These small birds, with brown and grey plumage, boldly select roofs, eaves, and other sheltered spots for nesting. Their nests are fashioned from twigs, feathers, and soft materials, allowing them to breed throughout the year.


shymar27 /

Pigeons are everywhere and they need no introduction. And whoever had to deal with them on their own property, knows how hard it is to deter them. They can nest in your roof, gutters, not to mention under solar panels. The mess pigeons leave behind is unavoidable, and the smell is indescribable.


Paulpixs /

Seagulls, particularly Silver Gulls, confidently inhabit coastal areas of Australia. They frequently construct their nests on flat rooftops, beaches, or other open spaces. Comprised of sticks, feathers, and grass, seagull nests are distinctly visible. These birds can be noisy and assertive, particularly during nesting season, posing challenges for homeowners.

Rainbow lorikeets

Kmikhidov /

These playful birds are famous for their bright plumage and are native to Australia. They choose tree hollows or human-made structures for nesting. They craft their homes with wood chips, feathers, and soft materials.

The management of wildlife and its natural environment in Australia is overseen by a range of legislation and regulations that are aimed at maintaining diversity of life. A discovery of the birds nesting in your roof may oblige you to know the legal implications to prevent breaking the law and respecting the environment. Here’s an overview.

Protected bird species in Australia

Australian native birds receive strict protection under the EPBC Act to conserve biodiversity, ensuring the safety of threatened species like Rainbow Lorikeets or Welcome Swallows that nest in your roof. Caution is necessary, as harming these birds can result in severe penalties due to legal safeguards. Remember, it is unlawful to remove or disturb their nests without proper authorisation.

Managing invasive species

Invasive bird species like the Indian Mynas, Common Starlings, and House Sparrows do not receive protection under Australian law. These aggressive birds can lead to ecological and property harm. You can manage them by removing nests or implementing humane control methods.

Important: If you suspect a legally protected bird species has made a home in your roof, then you need to seek guidance from wildlife experts or your local environmental authority right away.

Risks associated with birds nesting in your roof

Let’s explore these risks and offer tips on how to manage or prevent them.

Property damage

Birds nesting in roofs can surely, lead to damage to structures one way or another. Nest materials can block gutters and cause water backups. Some birds may peck at the roofing, leading to wear and tear. Nests near wires or chimneys can start fires. Birds in roofs can disturb insulation, raising energy costs.

Health concerns

Bird droppings are harmful. They carry bacteria and fungi. These can cause breathing issues like histoplasmosis, a lung infection. Birds also bring parasites like mites and fleas. These bugs can infest your home, leading to skin problems. Moreover, droppings in gutters mix with rain and can contaminate rainwater systems, making them unsafe.

Noise disturbances

Birds nesting in your roof can create significant noise disturbances, especially when they are in their breeding season. Species like Indian Mynas and starlings are particularly loud and social, exacerbating the noise issues. The constant chirping, scratching, and flapping wings can disrupt sleep and daily activities. This is on a regular basis, so can you imagine when the breeding season comes?

Tips to prevent or address risks

To prevent or address the risks associated with birds nesting in your roof, follow these practical tips:

  • Regular roof inspections – Check your roof, gutters, and attic often for bird nests. This helps to catch issues early;
  • Install bird-proofing – Use bird spikes, nets, or wire mesh to keep birds out;
  • Seal entry points – Close gaps in your roof. This includes chimneys and vents;
  • Clean gutters – Regularly clear gutters to avoid nests and water buildup;
  • Use humane deterrents – Try visual or auditory methods. Bird decoys, reflective items, or ultrasonic repellents can work;
  • Professional removal – For active nests, contact a bird removal service. They can legally remove nests without harming the birds.

How to stop birds from nesting in your roof

Below are several effective bird deterrent ideas to help you stop birds from nesting in your roof.

Provide alternative nesting sites

By using these methods, you don’t stop the birds from nesting, just not in your roof.

  • Bird boxes – Use boxes that suit the bird species in your area. Put them in trees or high spots away from your roof;
  • Alternative shelters – For larger bird species like pigeons, consider providing open shelters or platforms where they can nest without causing harm to your property. This can be an effective bird deterrent that redirects them from your roof.

Regular roof inspections

Regular roof inspections is how to get rid of birds as then you can spot bird nests early, helping you prevent problems. Check your roof for nesting materials and bird activity. Get professional inspections yearly to find hidden nests and get bird-proofing advice.

Seal off entry points

Birds often sneak into roof spaces through small openings or gaps. To prevent birds from nesting in your roof, confidently seal off these entry points. Here’s how:

  • Use caulk and sealant to close all gaps or cracks in your roof, eaves, or chimney. This will effectively block birds from entering your attic or roof cavity.
  • Fit mesh screens over vents and other openings to exclude birds. Make sure the mesh is fine enough to keep out small birds like sparrows.

Bird deterrent ideas

You can try some bird deterrent methods to keep birds off your roof; most of the time they are successful in teaching the birds not to come back. Install spikes on edges and ledges to prevent landing. Hang reflective objects or use ultrasonic repellents to deter birds.

Professional bird removal services

To safely and legally remove nesting birds from your roof, consult a professional bird removal service. Professional services use humane methods to remove birds and their nests. This can be especially important for protected bird species.

Gutter cleaning

Another prevention step is to clean the gutters of your home more regularly. They provide a secluded and protected space to the birds, they can build nests there faster than you can imagine.

Birds love clogged gutters, but your house does not.

Book professional gutter cleaning, your home will thank you.

Add a valid postcode e.g. 3000


  • Birds nesting in your roof can cause clogs, fire risks, and noise.
  • Knowing the local bird species is key to effective management.
  • Rainbow Lorikeets and Welcome Swallows are protected by the EPBC Act. Removing them without permission can result in penalties.
  • Invasive birds like Indian Mynas and Common Starlings have fewer restrictions.
  • To stop birds from nesting in your roof, do regular checks, use bird-proofing like spikes and nets, seal entry points, clean gutters, and try humane deterrents.
  • For risky or protected nests, consider hiring professionals who can safely remove nests without harming the birds.

Do you have birds in your roof? Have you managed to identify whether they are protected or not? Let us know by commenting below!

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